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Writer Master Date 2017-06-29
Subject [Seminar]Korea society for innovation Management & Economics Catch-up Sesssion
Contents Time: Jue 23rd(Friday)15:30~16:40
Place: Jeju KAL Hotel Grand Ballroom B

-Chairperson: Oh, Chul(Sangmyung University)
-Presentor:
1. Keun Lee(SNU): IPRs, Innovation and economic catch-up: the research trends and new issues
This speech will address the roles of different forms of intellectual property rights (IPRs) and the level of IPR protection in economic development of countries and in firm growth. It will draw upon the recent works of Keun Lee and others, such as Kim et al (2012, RP), Shin et al (2014, World Economy), Kang et al (2016). First, it emphasizes the effective role of petit patents (called utility models) in economic growth of lower income countries (and their firms) where regular patent protection has no significant role, differently from the cases of higher income countries . Second, it observes that stronger IPR protection in the North tend to hurt exports from not every country in the South but only those who are catching up more successfully. Third, there would be two modes of catch-up by the latecomer firms, the one relying on patent-driven path, and the other relying on trademark-driven path, and the choice of the paths depends upon the nature of knowledge of sectors (such as tacit or explicit knowledge).
Keywords: IPRs; Economic Development; firms; countries; a latecomer

2. Mahyar Adibi(Gachun University): Investment Climate, Innovation Systems, and International Integration
on Firm Productivity in Developing Countries: Comparing their Relative Effects by Multilevel Analysis

This paper compares the relative importance of investment climate (IC), international integration (II), and innovation system (IS) variables on firm productivity. These variables are measured at the firm, sector, and country levels, and the interaction effects among them are also investigated. Multilevel-mixed effect analysis is conducted using the World Bank Enterprise Survey data for 20 developing countries in 21 sectors. Results indicate that firm-level variables tend to be more robust than country- or sector-level variables, IC is the least important variable, and II is more important than either IC or IS. Moreover, none of the country-level variables are significant, except for human capital variables. Sector-level II variables are significant, whereas sector-level IC variables and sector-level R&D variables are insignificant. Sector-level IC and IS variables become significant only when they interact with firm-level variables. The results underscore the importance of firm-level capabilities, which can be enhanced by II (e.g., firm-level learning by exporting and Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) arrangement) and IS (e.g., firm-level education and training), as well as by spillover from sector-level II and human capital. Results also reveal the channels through which IC may affect firm productivity. IC only exhibits an effect on firm productivity when it interacts with firm-level capabilities and activities.

Keywords: Firm productivity, Innovation systems, Investment climate, International integration, Multilevel analysis, Developing country.

3. Wong Chan-YUan(University of Malaysia): Science and Technology Trajectories towards Post-catching Up Development:
Insights from publishing and patenting activities of China and South Korea

The emerging economies of Asia have been acknowledged as dynamic and rapid in the course of catching-up toward industrialized economies. This presentation highlights the production trajectories of science and technology towards post catching-up phase of two economies, South Korea and China, in terms of a) scientific publications b) co-publications pattern c) granted patents d) co-patenting pattern e) forward citations f) science-based patents. We wish to explore the sequential cyclical growth for science, technology and science-based technology in the course of transition towards post catching-up phase. Thus, the perspective of “double-boom cycles” explaining the convergence between science and technological activities to achieve science-based technology development is taken into consideration in the analysis. The cycles will be assessed in both quantity and quality (impact in term of citations) of publishing and patenting trends. The evolution of networks established for joint publishing and patenting activities will be discussed. Our review of science, technology and science-based technology cycles of South Korea and China will provide insight and possible understanding of cyclical development in the transition towards post catching-up phase.

keywords: Science, technology, science-based technology, cyclical growth, publication, patent, South Korea, China

-Discussant: Mustafa Malkoc YASAR(Center for Economic Catch-up)

-Master and Ph. D Stession Technology Innovation Strategy
Time: June 23rd(Friday) 10;40~11:50
Place: Jeju KAL Hotel Grand Ballroom B
Presentor: Mao,zuqing(SNU Ph.D candidate)
Title: From Global Value Chains (GVC) to Innovation Systems for Local Value Chains and Knowledge.